210.8 Ground-Fault Circuit-Interrupter Protection for Personnel. Ground-fault circuit-interrupter protection for
personnel shall be provided as required in 210.8(A) through (D). The ground-fault circuit-interrupter shall be
installed in a readily accessible location.
Informational Note: See 215.9 for ground-fault circuit interrupter protection for personnel on feeders.
 (A) Dwelling Units. All 125-volt, single-phase, 15- and 20-ampere receptacles installed in the locations specified in 210.8(A)(1) through (10) shall have ground-fault circuit interrupter protection for personnel.
(1) Bathrooms
(2) Garages, and also accessory buildings that have a floor located at or below grade level not intended as
habitable rooms and limited to storage areas, work areas, and areas of similar use
(3) Outdoors
Exception to (3): Receptacles that are not readily accessible and are supplied by a branch circuit dedicated to electric snow-melting, deicing, or pipeline and vessel heating equipment shall be permitted to be installed in accordance with 426.28 or 427.22, as applicable.
(4) Crawl spaces . at or below grade level
(5) Unfinished basements . for purposes of this section, unfinished basements are defined as portions or areas
of the basement not intended as habitable rooms and limited to storage areas, work areas, and the like
Exception to (5): A receptacle supplying only a permanently installed fire alarm or burglar alarm  system shall not be required to have ground-fault circuit-interrupter protection.
Informational Note: See 760.41(B) and 760.121(B) for power supply requirements for fire alarm systems.
Receptacles installed under the exception to 210.8(A)(5) shall not be considered as meeting the requirements of 210.52(G)
(6) Kitchens . where the receptacles are installed to serve the countertop surfaces
(7) Sinks . where receptacles are installed within 1.8 m
(6 ft) of the outside edge of the sink
(8) Boathouses
(9) Bathtubs or shower stalls . where receptacles areinstalled within 1.8 m (6 ft) of the outside edge of the bathtub or shower stall
(10) Laundry areas

(B) Other Than Dwelling Units. All 125-volt, singlephase, 15- and 20-ampere receptacles installed in the locations specified in 210.8(B)(1) through (8) shall have ground-fault circuit-interrupter protection for personnel.
(1) Bathrooms
(2) Kitchens
(3) Rooftops
(4) Outdoors
Exception No. 1 to (3): Receptacles on rooftops shall not be required to be readily accessible other than from the
Exception No. 2 to (3) and (4): Receptacles that are not readily accessible and are supplied by a branch circuit
dedicated to electric snow-melting, deicing, or pipeline and vessel heating equipment shall be permitted to be installed in accordance with 426.28  or 427.22 , as applicable.
Exception No. 3 to (4): In industrial establishments only, where the conditions of maintenance and supervision
ensure that only qualified personnel are involved, an assured equipment grounding conductor program as
specified in 590.6 (B)(2) shall be permitted for only those receptacle outlets used to supply equipment that would
create a greater hazard if power is interrupted or having a design that is not compatible with GFCI protection.
(5) Sinks . where receptacles are installed within 1.8 m (6 ft) of the outside edge of the sink
Exception No. 1 to (5): In industrial laboratories, receptacles used to supply equipment where removal of power would introduce a greater hazard shall be permitted to be installed without GFCI protection.

 Exception No. 2 to (5): For receptacles located in patient bed locations of general care or critical care areas of
health care facilities other than those covered under 210.8 (B)(1), GFCI protection shall not be required.
(6) Indoor wet locations
(7) Locker rooms with associated showering facilities
(8) Garages, service bays, and similar areas other than vehicle exhibition halls and showrooms
(C) Boat Hoists. GFCI protection shall be provided for outlets not exceeding 240 volts that supply boat hoists installed in dwelling unit locations.
(D) Kitchen Dishwasher Branch Circuit. GFCI protection shall be provided for outlets that supply dishwashers installed in dwelling unit locations.

Outlet:  A point on the wiring system at which current is taken to supply utilization equipment.

Receptacle:  A receptacle is a contact device installed at the outlet for the connection of an attachment plug. A
single receptacle is a single contact device with no other contact device on the same yoke. A multiple receptacle
is two or more contact devices on the same yoke.

Receptacle Outlet:  An outlet where one or more receptacles are installed.


210.8 Ground-Fault Circuit-Interrupter Protection for Personnel

Dwelling Units.

(1) Bathrooms

(2) Garages, and also accessory buildings.

(3) Outdoors

(4) Crawl spaces

(5) Unfinished basements

(6) Kitchens — where the receptacles are installed to serve the countertop surfaces

(7) Laundry, utility, and wet bar sinks where the receptacles are installed within 6 ft. of the outside edge of the sink.